Advanced Flow Types: FLOWcombine & FLOWseries

FLOWcombine and FLOWseries are two modules that can be utilised when handling courses that consist of several educational activities. The difference between both flow types and their setup are listed below: 



FLOWcombine can be utilised when a series of assessments should be executed in a sequence. An entrance bar can be set for each flow on the series. That way you can control which participant is allowed to be synchronised and move onto the next flow in the series.

FLOWseries can be used for handling several educational activities that culminate in a final assessment. The module allows you to set up one or more flows over a period of time and a custom set of requirements that the participants must fulfil to access the final flow. This module can also be used to support assessments with several activities which result in a final grade (Portfolio).

Used for

  • Handling a series of activities that should be passed in a certain order. 

Used for

  • Handling one or several activities that will lead up to a final exam/assessment or result in one final grade.  



All FLOWcombine flows that you have created can be reached by clicking on the icon FLOWcombine_Icon.pngfrom the flow overview page. To create a new FLOWcombine, click the three stripe symbol to the right of the Create button and click New FLOWcombine.


You will start creating the main source flow and will then be transported to the FLOWcombine overview.

FLOWcombine Overview


From here, you can add sub flows by clicking on FLOWcombine_Add_Subflow_Button.png, configuring the synchronisation between flows (FLOWcombine_Configuration_Button.png) and setting entrance bars (FLOWcombine_Entrance_Bar_Button.png). If you add a sub flow, the flow title is set to the same name as the overall FLOWcombine name. Change the title for an easier overview (optionally add a subtitle), choose the desired flow type and assessment type. Click Create to add the sub flow.

You can also access the flows for individual setup by clicking on the flow title. If you are working on the settings of an individual flow, you can navigate through all flows in FLOWcombine with a bar at the top of the flow page or return directly to the general overview. 


You should first set up the individual flows as you would on a regular flow. Once that has been done, you can go back to the FLOWcombine overview and configure the synchronisation and entrance bars between flows. 

Sub Flow Menu Configuration Entrance Bar

All the sub flows have access to a small menu, where you can synchronise, activate or delete only the chosen flow. It is only possible to delete the last flow in FLOWcombine, so if you need to delete sub flow 1, you first need to delete sub flow 2.


When you have configured the synchronisations and set the entrance bar between flows, you can press Synchronise_subflows_button.png to start synchronisation between all flows. You will get a summary window for each stage of the synchronisation, and you can see the changes and choose to apply or skip them.


The synchronisation process is not automatic, you have to activate it. There is no restriction on how many times or when you can synchronise the FLOWcombine.

For changes that have been applied to the main flow to be carried through to the subflows, e.g. removing participants from all flows on a FLOWcombine, you must synchronise all flows.

If you have 10 flows in the FLOWcombine, you might not want to synchronise all of them when you have only a minor change between sub flow 7 and 8. In this case, you would synchronise only sub flow 8 and it will take the information from the previous flow and synchronise them to sub flow 8.

Grade Export to SIS

If the flows are synchronised with an external system, it is possible to export the final grades from the main flow and the associated sub flows. The grade export works as you would normally expect with the exception that you can only export once per participant on the entire FLOWcombine and not once per flow within the FLOWcombine. You can choose which flow in the FLOWcombine you want to export to SIS.



A FLOWcombine contains a FLOWassign and a FLOWoral. In this example, you need to submit two alternative grades, because two participants did not submit their assignment on FLOWassign. Therefore, you will export those two alternative grades to SIS from the main flow (only and STADS).

After the oral exams have been carried out, you need to export the final grades for the rest of the students. You can do this on the sub flow. In total, you have synchronised with SIS twice.


The following video gives an overview of the FLOWseries 'Qualification for the final flow':

All FLOWseries flows that you have created can be reached by clicking on the icon FLOWseries_Icon.pngfrom the flow overview page. To create a new FLOWseries, click the three stripe symbol to the right of the Create button and click New FLOWseries.


The name, participation period and marking period are required fields when creating a new FLOWseries. The dates will automatically be set on the flows in the series when the flows are created but can be changed afterwards. Early marking access can be enabled at a later stage. Before you create the new FLOWseries, you must decide whether participants should qualify for a final flow which determines their final grade (Qualification for the final flow) or if the final grade should be added up through the set of sub flows (Portfolio assessment, see more information below under Extra Features.)

The assessment type cannot be changed after a FLOWseries has been created.

The following overview will display a Qualification for the final flow assessment type.  Click Create new FLOWseries to finalise.


FLOWseries and integrations

When the flow has been created, it is possible to synchronise participants from a SIS source under Edit in the top right corner (See Final Flow and Add and Manage Participants for more information).

FLOWseries Overview


1. Add Flows and Requirements

First, add flows to the series. Click on Add flows and add a name and select a flow type. Click Create to add the flow to the FLOWseries.


From the FLOWseries page, you can edit the flows and activate them directly. Click Edit flows in the Flows section. Select flows by ticking boxes and perform the actions: Delete, activate or set/change deadlines (see below).


You can activate, delete or set deadlines for one or multiple flows. If you select and edit deadlines for multiple flows, the deadlines will be the same for those flows (see screenshot below). Pick single flows and set the deadlines if your flows should have different deadlines. 


The deadlines for FLOWattend and FLOWoral have to be set directly on the respective flow pages. To change advanced settings for any of the flows (e.g. marking scale, anonymous users, etc.), click the flow title which will bring you directly to the flow page. It is not possible to add assessors in the individual flows.

On the individual flow pages there will be a navigation button, which will lead you back to the FLOWseries.


On the flow overview, the different symbols depict the status the flow is in:

FLOW_Created_Icon.png FLOW_Activated_Icon.png FLOW_Open_for_Participation_Icon.png FLOW_Open_for_Assessment.png FLOW_has_ended_Icon.png
Flow has been created. Flow is activated but not yet open for participation. Flow is open for participation. Flow is open to assessors. Flow has ended and marking deadline has passed.



Once the flows have been added, you want to set requirements for one or multiple flows by clicking on Edit_requirements.png. Here you can determine whether participants must meet a number of requirements or fulfil a weighted number of requirements to be transferred to the final assessment.

Number of Requirements Met Weighted Number of Requirements


  1. Select the flow(s) of the series and click Add requirement to add a requirement.
  2. Define the requirement for the individual flow(s):
    Flow Required Comparator Threshold Weighting
    Name of the flow. Check if this requirement is necessary for the participant to be transferred to the final assessment. Define if the assessment of the participant has to be exactly, less or more than (etc.) the threshold to meet the requirement. Grading scale as defined on the flow. The weighting of each flow for the overall requirement. (Only for if  Weighted requirements fulfilment has been chosen).
  3. Define requirements a participant has to meet to be transferred to the final flow.:
    • Choose requirement method: 
      • Number of requirements met: Participants must meet the requirements of exactly, less or more than (etc.) one, two or more flow(s).  
      • Weighted requirements fulfilment: Participants must meet exactly, less or more than one, two or more points of the flow(s) in der series. 
    • Comparator
    • Threshold (must be equal to or below the total number of flows/weighting points). 

Press Save to save the requirements.

2. Final Flow

Next, you can add a final flow to the series by clicking on Add_Final_Flow_Button.png. This is the exam that the individual flows lead to and the requirements will determine which of the participants are eligible to take part in it.  


  1. Name of the final flow and additional information:
    • Participant_Icon.png The number of participants currently transferred to the final flow. The current number is 0.
    • Tool_Icon.png Status of the flow. The flow is currently not activated.
    • Bin_icon.png Delete the final flow.
  2. Click here to send a notification to participants of the FLOWseries about their current qualification status.
  3. Click Update final flow to add all currently available participants to the flow.

SIS Integrations: The final flow can actually be seen as a normal flow and the only difference is that participants can be transferred from FLOWseries based on their qualifications. A final flow can therefore be set up with SIS. 

A problem occurs when you combine the transfer of participants (with the qualifications) from FLOWseries and at the same time add a new SIS code on the final flow. You have two options on the final flow: 

  1. If FLOWseries has an SIS code, the right thing to do is to handle the qualifications from FLOWseries in SIS manually and create a new SIS code. The new SIS code will only include those participants that have been marked as qualified in SIS and it can be added to the final flow. Only when following this workflow, it is possible to export the marks from the final flow to SIS (can be different from the marks on FLOWseries).
  2. If the FLOWseries is not set up with SIS, the participants can be manually updated to the final flow and the assessment must be handled manually in SIS. 

Option 1 and 2 cannot be combined.

3. Add and Manage Participants

When the FLOWseries has been created, you can add participants. These will automatically be transferred to the flows of the series (according to the defined set of requirements).

It is important to add users to the FLOWseries and not manually to the individual flows. If they are added directly to the individual flow, they will not show up in the participant list on available flows. Once the participation period for the FLOWseries has started and flows have been activated, it will only be possible to deactivate participants from the FLOWseries but not remove them.

Add Participants Manually Add Participants via SIS Integration

Click Add participants, search for the participants, check the boxes of the participants who should be added and click Add.


From the Participant list on the FLOWseries page, you can now see the grades of the participants for each flow and whether or not they are currently qualified for the final exam flow. The (*) under the flow names indicate that requirements have been set for these flows. You can edit or export the participant list to a CSV file or give manual exemptions to participants (see below).


Give Participants Manual Exemptions

You can give participants exemptions from specific flows manually. This means that students are set to meet the requirements of these exempted flows regardless of their assessment. Click Manual exemption in the participant list.


Checkboxes for participants in the flows that they are exempted from. Click Update to save the change. Participants who are exempt to meet the requirements on certain flows are indicated in the overview by a star symbol. 


4. Assessors and Managers

As the last step, you should add one or more assessors to the FLOWseries and, if necessary, any additional managers. Click on add assessors, search for the assessors that should be part of the FLOWseries, tick the boxes next to their name(s) and click on Add


Once the assessors have been added to the FLOWseries, you can reach the marker allocation for each individual flow by clicking on FLOWseries_Assessor_Allocation.png. The number next to the speech bubble indicates how many participants have been allocated to the assessor on the individual flow. The Managing Assessors and Reviewers article explain the marker allocation in more detail. 

If you want to associate additional managers with the FLOWseries to help you with administrative tasks, simply click on FLOWseries_Add_Manager_button.png, search for the manager(s) you want to add, tick the box next to their name and click on "Add".

If assessors or managers should be removed from the FLOWseries, click on Edit_button.png in the respective pane, tick off the assessors/managers that should be removed from the FLOWseries and click on Remove_button.png.

Extra Features

Copy a FLOWseries

You can copy an existing FLOWseries to create a new FLOWseries by clicking on Copy in the top right corner of the FLOWseries page. When copying you can choose to include:

  • Individual flows
  • Assignments or activities on the flows
  • Participants who have not qualified for the final flow
  • Assessors
  • Dates: If you include the dates, the copy will be an exact copy. If you do not include the dates, you should select new dates, unless the copy is to be used in a new semester or year. In this case, the other flows in the FLOWseries will get the new dates (just as if you created a new FLOWseries).


FLOWseries Portfolio

The following video gives an overview of the FLOWseries 'Manual Portfolio' and 'Rubrics-Based Portfolio':


Manual and rubrics-based portfolio assessments allow FLOWseries to reach a final grade in different ways than a normal Qualification FLOWseries, by either letting markers give a final grade based on the participant's overall performance on all sub flows (manual portfolio) or by making use of rubrics to convert their overall performance into a final grade from a mark converter (rubrics-based portfolio). Assessors cannot add their own rubrics when using rubric-based assessment because the rubrics in use need to be consistent in order to contribute to the aggregation.

Manual Portfolio Rubrics-Based Portfolio

A manual portfolio allows you to let your markers assess participants across multiple flows, where the markers at the end can give a final grade to the participants, based on the participants performance in all of the sub flows in the FLOWseries.

When creating a FLOWseries with a manual portfolio, you will have to choose the option Portfolio assessment (manual) in the dropdown menu when creating a new FLOWseries.

After creating the FLOWseries with a manual portfolio, the overview will look similar to a Qualification to the final flow type but the individual flows will act as independent flows, meaning that individual flows do not have a final grade option, as that is reserved for the marker to give for the overall performance of the participant in the progression overview.


  • Flows: You can activate, edit or delete several flows but you will not be setting any requirements.
  • Progression Overview: Access to the progression overview. This overview lets you see the progression of your participant's assessments of the different sub flows, as well as assigning a marker and/or reviewer to be able to give the final assessment of the participant.


  1. Setup lets you change various settings which are very similar to a normal flow, as well as letting you add markers and reviewers to the progression overview

    You need to activate the marking overview to make it available to assessors and reviewers.


  2. The scoreboard gives you an overview of all participants progress on the FLOWseries
  3. Let you choose which columns should be visible in the scoreboard table
  4. The final grade lets you see what grade they have been giving. Clicking the box will let you see which assessor(s) is assigned to the participant
  5. Pressing the pencil lets you add an administrative grade to the participant

Manual Portfolio Scoreboard

The Scoreboard gives you an overview of which final grades have been given to the participants, as well as other types of information. As an example the column Submitted can be added, which gives you access to see which flows the participants have handed in on.


  1. Let you choose which columns should be visible in the scoreboard table
  2. Pressing the (i) button gives you access to view which flows the participants have handed in their work
  3. Pressing the pencil lets you submit an administrative grade to a participant
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